It is believed that buffalo crossed over a land bridge that once connected the Asian and North American continents. Through the centuries buffalo slowly moved southward, eventually reaching as far south as Mexico and as far east as the Atlantic Coast, extending south to Florida. But the largest herds were found on the plains and prairies from the Rocky Mountains east to the Mississippi River, and from Great Slave Lake in Canada to Texas. Although the buffalo's size and color, which ranges from light to dark brown, vary in different areas of the country, experts generally agree that all American buffalo belong to the same species. The differences in appearance probably result from the variety of environments in which they live.
If you were to stand eye-to-eye with a buffalo species and a bison—and neither killed mowed you down—you’d notice stark physical differences. Unlike any buffalo species, the American bison sports a large shoulder hump and a massive head, which gives this symbol of the West its burly appearance. When it comes to horns, the Asian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) would take home the crown hands down. The crescent-shaped horns atop its head have a tip-to-tip span of up to six feet. They aren’t just for show, as this marsh-mucking buffalo uses its horns to scoop up cool mud and throw the goop onto its back. By maintaining a quality breeding program where continually introduce different genetics and limit the number of Buffalo hunts per year, our hunting guides and outfitters are able to build larger trophy animals for our trophy hunters.